The archipelago is known for its shipwrecks, notably by one of importance which occurred in 1678 when a fleet of French Navy under the command of Admiral Jean d' Estrées.
In total, sank 17 ships (i.e. almost all boats of the fleet) d' Estrées had gone through the neighbouring archipelago Los Roques, when a small fleet of Dutch trying to protect its colonies set sail to Las Aves to defend against the French attack. The Dutch maneuvered in the central lagoon of the birds trying to simulate lights that do seem to the archipelago part of bonaire, the intention was to appeal to the French, who headed his ship Le Terrible logo (Spanish: the terrible) went directly to the coral reef.
Le Terrible couldn't help the reef, d' Estrées commanded that they fired guns to warn the rest of the fleet, but the crews of other ships thought they were under attack by the Dutch and rushed to his aid. One by one, the rest of the ships of the fleet hit the reef and sank it produced 500 sailors drowned.
The archipelago is formed mainly by two complex Reef:
- Windward birds, the Eastern Group, a reef with 8 km diameter and three cays in the Southwest, including:
- Isla Aves de Barlovento
- Treasure Island
- Cayo Bubi
- Key of the Bobas
- Birds of Leeward, the Western Group, in the South:
- Isla Aves de Sotavento
- Long Island
- Cayo Tirra
- Island Saquisaqui
- Keys of the colony
- Island pot
- Cayo Sterna
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